Produced in response to Charlemagne’s establishment of the Holy Roman Empire and his decree that all within convert to Christianity under penalty of death. These small crosses were worn as symbols of conversion and protection against the death decree. Early form with both beams of equal length and crossed at the middle. Each terminal with large sphere symbolizing Christ’s rule over the World. . Professionally refurbished with the gold overlay restored for modern wear. Gift boxed with certificate of authenticity.