Produced in response to Charlemagne's establishment of the Holy Roman Empire and his decree that all within convert to Christianity under penalty of death. These small crosses were worn as symbols of conversion and protection against the death decree. Crossbeam above center. Each terminal with sphere symbolizing Christ’s rule over the World. The junction with a raised edge square containing a saltire. Professionally refurbished with the gold overlay restored for modern wear. Gift boxed with a certificate of authenticity.