The emergence from the Dark Ages is embodied in the rise to power of the Frankish King, Charlemagne in 768 (founder of the Holy Roman Empire after 800) followed by conquering southern Europe from France to Italy and much of Northern Europe. The condition for peace was acceptance of Christianity, under penalty of death. Conversion was effective and Northern Europeans, primarily Saxons, wore small crosses to affirm their Christianity. Just under 1” height. The cross beam slightly above center and both beams with cross bar terminals. The center with a square enclosing a saltire one side and plain opposite. Surface textured from burial. Professionally refurbished with the silver overlay restored on modern sterling silver chain. Gift boxed with certificate of authenticity.