MEDIEVAL CHRISTIAN CROSS
8th-10th century, period of Charlemagne and the founding of the Holy Roman Empire by the Franks which led to the subjugation of, initially, Northern Italy and Saxony, and eventually all of Western Europe. Accepting Christianity was a condition of surrender and the wearing of small crosses indicated submission to Holy Roman Empire rule. This example is bronze, 1" height including the suspension loop with the cross beam above center. The lower three beam terminals are lobed with a four lobe cluster to the center.