Carolingian, the period of Chrlemange. The emergence from the Dark Ages is embodied in the rise to power of the Frankish King, Charlemagne in 768 (founder of the Holy Roman Empire after 800) followed by conquering southern Europe from France to Italy and much of Northern Europe. The condition for peace was acceptance of Christianity, under penalty of death. Conversion was effective and Northern Europeans, primarily Saxons, wore small crosses to affirm their Christianity. This is an original Northern European "profession of faith" crosses 1000-1300 years old, just under 1” height. The ball terminal beams are set with the cross beam above center and a square at the junction. Professionally refurbished with the overlay restored on a modern sterling silver chain. Gift boxed with certificate of authenticity.