The emergence from the Dark Ages is embodied in the rise to power of the Frankish King, Charlemagne in 768 (founder of the Holy Roman Empire after 800) followed by conquering southern Europe from France to Italy and much of Northern Europe. The condition for peace was acceptance of Christianity, under the penalty of death. Conversion was effective and Northern Europeans, primarily Saxons, wore a small cross to affirm their Christianity. This example is just under 1" height with a cross beam above the center and five pellets at the junction forming a saltire and representing the five wounds of Christ. The beam terminals with triple pellet terminals forming crosses. Surface textured from burial. Professionally refurbished with 24karat gold overlay restored on a gilt neck chain for modern wear. Gift boxed with certificate of authenticity.