The emergence from the Dark Ages is embodied in the rise to power of the Frankish King, Charlemagne in 768 (founder of the Holy Roman Empire after 800) followed by conquering southern Europe from France to Italy and much of Northern Europe. The condition for peace was acceptance of Christianity, under penalty of death. The conversion was effective and Northern Europeans, primarily Saxons, wore small crosses to affirm their Christianity. This example is just over 1" in height with a cross beam above the center and a square block at the junction. Surface textured from burial. Professionally refurbished with the silver overlay restored. On a Sterling silver neck chain, gift boxed with certificate of authenticity.