Gilt bronze. Just over 1" height, of elegant form. Centered cross beam with a raised edge circle enclosing a cross on one side and a saltire the other. The saltire represents the crux decussata, the alternate form cross used for crucifixion, famously, for St Andrew in Greece. Expanded terminals to the beams. The emergence from the Dark Ages is embodied in the rise to power of the Frankish King, Charlemagne in 768 (founder of the Holy Roman Empire after 800) followed by conquering southern Europe from France to Italy and much of Northern Europe. The condition for peace was the acceptance of Christianity, under penalty of death. Conversion was effective and Northern Europeans, primarily Saxons, wore small crosses to affirm their Christianity. Professionally refurbished with the silver overlay restored on a modern Sterling silver neck chain. Gift boxed with certificate of authenticity.