MEDIEVAL CHRISTIAN CROSS NECKLACE, 9th-10th CENTURY
Just under 3/4” height with trilobate beam terminals adopted as the Jerusalem cross of the Crusades. The “crutches” make it five crosses in one representing the five wounds of Christ. The cross above the center and a square at the intersection with four nubs forming a saltire. The emergence from the Dark Ages is embodied in the rise to power of the Frankish King, Charlemagne in 768 (founder of the Holy Roman Empire after 800) followed by conquering southern Europe from France to Italy and much of Northern Europe. The condition for peace was acceptance of Christianity, under the penalty of death. Conversion was effective and Northern Europeans, primarily Saxons, wore small crosses to affirm their Christianity. Professionally refurbished with 24karat gold overlay restored, on a gilt neck chain for modern wear. Gift boxed with certificate of authenticity.